托福口语如何脱口而出?朗阁讲师分享高效方法

来源:朗阁教育 作者:小木 浏览: 更新时间:2020-03-16 09:18

内容摘要:托福学习分为听说读写不同的方面,那么在口语上如何实现提升呢?这一次石家庄朗阁教育给学子们进行了分享,让我们一起来看看。
面对托福独立口语题,比较优秀的练习方法是从一个角度切入,训练自己的横向分论点拓展,然后再进行纵向论据及例子拓展,一石二鸟,同一招式,一起搞定口语写作的核心素材拓展问题。比如托福口语写作常考的关于social media的话题:
 
Are Social Networking Sites Good for Our Society?
 
01
 
分类拓展的分论点
 
关于这个话题,大家先从可以从万能思路点切入,比如socialization, efficiency of information, economy, government等横向展开,尽可能地去思考每个思路点拓展出来的分论点,比如:
 
关于socialization,我们可以得出至少6个分论点:
1. Social media allows people to improve their relationships and make new friends.
2. Social media facilitates face-to-face interaction.
3. Social media helps senior citizens feel more connected to society.
4. Social media helps people who are socially isolated or shy connect with other people.
5. Social media offers teachers a platform for collaboration with other teachers and communication with students outside the classroom.
6. Social media allows for rapid communication during crisis events.
 
关于efficiency of information,我们可以得出至少8个论点:
1. Social media spreads information faster than any other media.
2. Social media sites help students do better at school.
3. Being a part of a social media site can increase a person’s quality of life and reduce the risk of health problems.
4. Social media allows for quick, easy dissemination of public health and safety information from reputable sources.
5. “Crowdsourcing” and “crowdfunding” on social media allows people to collectively accomplish a goal.
6. Social media provides academic research to a wider audience, allowing many people access to previously unavailable educational resources.
7. Social media offers a way for musicians and artists to build audiences even if they don’t have a corporate contract.
8. Colleges and universities use social media to recruit and retain students.
 
关于economy,我们至少可以得出4个分论点:
1. Social media helps empower business women.
2. Social media sites help employers find employees and job-seekers find work.
3. Social media is good for the economy.
4. Corporations and small businesses use social media to benefit themselves and consumers.
 
关于government,我们至少得出5个分论点:
1. Law enforcement uses social media to catch and prosecute criminals.
2. Social media increases voter participation.
3. Social media facilitates political change.
4. Social media sites empower individuals to make social change and do social good on a community level.
5. Social media can help disarm social stigmas.
 
 
02
 
纵向例子和论据拓展
 
有了这么多分类拓展的分论点,我们再进行纵向例子和论据拓展,可以利用互联网,查询该论点下面的地道文章,引用地道文章里的语言和例子拓展这些分论点,同时训练自己的转述,语言组织等能力。
 
以下就给出相应的纵向拓展的例子,利用数据,权威机构的引用,再加上时事和历史事件来对论点进行相应的支撑和拓展拿到最后素材的积累,一起提高口语写作两个输出项最核心的技能---素材积累和拓展。
 
比如关于socialization的第6个论据Social media allows for rapid communication during crisis events.
 
Over one-third of federal, state, and local law enforcement professionals surveyed say that they use social media to notify the public of emergencies or disasters. Facebook allows users in a crisis region to mark themselves as safe and check to see that friends and family are safe,  such as after the Apr. 2015 Nepal earthquake, the Sep.2015 Chile earthquake, and the Nov. 2015 Paris terrorist attacks. During the Paris terrorist attacks, Parisians tweeted their personal address alongside the hashtag #PorteOuverte (French for "open door") to offer shelter to people who were stranded. In the aftermath of the Sydney café hostage situation in Australia in Dec. 2014, local residents tweeted their routes to work with the hashtag #IllRideWithYou to offer support to Muslims in fear of an Islamophobic backlash.
 
再如efficiency of information的第5个,“Crowdsourcing” and “crowdfunding” on social media allows people to collectively accomplish a goal.
 
A mother was able to find a kidney donor for her sick child by posting a video on her Facebook page. Planethunters.org, a science social media site, have discovered new planets via crowdsourcing. Crowdrise, a social network devoted to crowdsourcing volunteers and crowdfunding charity projects, raised $845,989 in the 18 days following Hurricane Sandy. The Ice Bucket Challenge fundraising campaign for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) went viral on social media, raising $100.9 million in donations in one month alone.  Pencils of Promise used social media for crowd funding, which has helped the non-profit build 329 schools and educate 33,000 children. 
 
 
03
 
小结
 
通过这种方式,我们就可以横向和纵向拓展自己的话题素材,结合常用的万能思路点,无论在今后的托福口语还是写作,都不用惧怕核心部分---内容的拓展,当然,你如果觉得嫌这个过程过于繁琐,或者想更快更系统的积累素材,可以随时来朗阁教育校区学习了解。